What Are The Different Types Of Gluten Sensitivity?
Gluten intolerance is seen in people who either lack the enzyme that aids in the digestion of it or whose immune systems are averse to it. This forms the basis for the types of gluten sensitivity.
Celiac disease: This is an autoimmune condition. When a person eats foods that contain the protein, the immune cells and antibodies attack the small intestine and the fingerlike projections or villi that are present in the area aiding with the absorption of nutrients. When these villi are attacked, it hinders the absorption of the nutrients and causes a host of problems. Those who have celiac disease are advised to stay away from gluten entirely.
Gluten sensitivity: In this case, the immune system is not involved and the condition causes a difficulty in processing the protein in the diet. The symptoms include bloating, diarrhoea, stomach ache, nausea etc. No damage to the small intestine is seen through an endoscopy.
Wheat allergy: The symptoms of a wheat allergy are wheezing, rashes, sneezing, and in some cases anaphylaxis. The condition is one wherein the immune system perceives the protein to be an allergen.