What Are The Kinds Of Dyslipidemia And The Symptoms?
Dyslipidemia is divided into two kinds, primary and secondary depending on whether the condition has been present since birth or acquired.
Familial combined hyperlipidemia: A form of primary dyslipidemia, the condition is inherited and manifests as early as in the teenage years. The condition causes the levels of LDL cholesterol and triglycerides to rise putting these people at the risk of heart disease.
Familiar hypercholesterolemia: The condition is characterised by an elevated level of total cholesterol. The level of total cholesterol should optimally be below 200 mg/dL.
Familial hyperapobetalipoproteinemia: An inherited condition, this leads to high levels of apolipoprotein B. The lipoprotein is an essential component of LDL cholesterol.
What are the symptoms of dyslipidemia?
While a blood test is the best way to know if you have high cholesterol, there are certain symptoms, such as:
- Coronary Artery Disease (CAD): The condition is when the arteries that supply blood to the heart do not have a good blood flow. This means that the heart does not receive the amount it needs well
- Cardiovascular disease: The heart is the principal organ affected during dyslipidemia and the high levels of lipids and cholesterols can cause blockages and even heart attacks
- Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD): The arteries in the legs are blocked in this case, causing the blood flow to be disrupted. This puts the person at a high risk of a stroke
- Chest pain
- Indigestion and heartburn
- Disturbed sleep